Pain at the front of the ankle is known as anterior ankle pain. It can be sudden onset (acute), for example ankle sprains and fractures. Or it can develop gradually (chronic ankle pain) through overuse. Here we explain the causes of pain at the front of the ankle.
Tibialis anterior tendon inflammation/tendinopathy
The tibialis anterior muscle is the large muscle that runs down the outside of the shin.
- Inflammation of the tendon sheath can cause pain at the front of the ankle, particularly when bending the foot and toes up.
- Symptoms also include pain when bending the foot and toes up.
- You may also have swelling and redness over the front of the ankle.
- If you push your fingers into the tendon you can sometimes feel a creaking when you move the foot up and down.
Ankle impingement is when a bony growth at either the front or back of the ankle bone restricts normal ankle range of motion.
- Impingement means tissues have become trapped between bones.
- It occurs where the ankle bone meets the shin bone, and often follows a sprain that hasn’t fully healed.
- Ankle impingement can affect the front of the ankle or the back.
Read more on Ankle impingement.