Any of the bones in the hand or fingers can be broken (fractured). There are a number of common fractures which occur, particularly in sport. Here we outline the common hand and finger fractures.
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The metacarpal bones are the five long bones in the hand. Any of these bones can be broken or fractured. There is a range of specific metacarpal fractures, but It is the first metacarpal under the base of the thumb which is the most commonly injured.
- Symptoms will include sudden pain usually from the impact.
- Trying to move the hand will be painful and swelling will usually develop along with bruising a bit later.
- In a severe fracture known as a displaced fracture, the hand will appear deformed.
Read more on Metacarpal fractures.
A Boxer’s fracture is a break to either the 4th or the 5th Metacarpals. As the name indicates, this injury is usually caused by punching something hard.
- Symptoms include instant severe pain in the hand.
- Swelling develops quickly, possibly followed by bruising.
- The outside edge of the hand where the fracture is will be particularly tender to touch and the knuckle on the outside may appear dropped.
Read more on Boxer’s fracture.
A broken thumb is either a fracture of small bones called phalanges, or a fracture at the base of the thumb. These specific thumb fractures are called a Bennett fracture and a Rolando fracture.
Fractures to the phalanges bones in the thumb are is not as common as a broken finger, but just as painful!
- Symptoms include sudden pain at the time of injury with immediate swelling and bruising that will come on rapidly.
- The thumb will be particularly painful when attempting to move it and it may also click during movement.
Read more on Thumb fractures.
A broken finger is a break or fracture in any one of the 3 small phalange bones which make up each finger. It will usually be the result of some kind of impact or collision.
- The athlete will feel immediate pain.
- Swelling and bruising will appear quite quickly.
- It will be painful to try and move the finger.
- The finger may appear deformed if the bone is displaced or joint dislocated.
- If there is any nerve damage, the finger may be numb or feel tingly.
Read more on Finger fractures.