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Shoulder Injuries

Use the tick boxes on the left to narrow down your search. An acute shoulder injury occurs suddenly through an impact, strain, sprain or twisting of the shoulder joint. With a gradual onset injury the pain may have come on for no apparent reason and gradually become worse.

Gradual onset
Sudden onset
Fractures
Sprains
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Rotator Cuff Tear

A rotator cuff strain is a tear to any of the four rotator cuff muscles in the shoulder. These muscles are important for stabilizing the shoulder joint.

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AC Joint Separation

An AC joint separation or AC joint sprain is an injury to the ligament that holds the acromioclavicular joint together. It is usually caused by fall onto an outstretched arm.

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Bruised Collarbone

A bruised collar bone results from a direct impact to the collar bone at the front of the chest. Symptoms may include pain, bruising and swelling.

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Clavicle Fracture

A clavicle fracture or broken collar bone as it is also known is a fracture of the clavicle bone which runs along the front of the shoulder to the breast bone or sternum

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Clavicle Muscle Attachments Inflammation

The Clavicle or collar bone has a number of muscle attachments along its length.

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Deltoid Contusion

A deltoid contusion is a bruise in the deltoid muscle which is situated on the side of the shoulder. This occurs after a direct impact to the muscle

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Deltoid Muscle Strain

A deltoid strain is a tear to the deltoid muscle on the top of the shoulder. Pain can be felt on the front, side or back of the shoulder. It is less common than a rotator cuff injury.

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Dislocated Shoulder

A dislocated shoulder is a traumatic and painful injury requiring immediate medical attention. It happens more often when the arm is rotated outwards and backwards.

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Fracture of the Neck of the Humerus

A fractured neck of the humerus is often caused by falling onto an outstretched hand or a direct impact to the shoulder.

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Frozen Shoulder

There are three phases that the condition will pass through; a freezing phase where the joint tightens up, a stiff phase where the movement in the shoulder is significantly reduced

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Glenoid Labrum Tear

The glenoid labrum is a fibrous ring of tissue which attaches to the rim of the glenoid shallow hole or socket of the shoulder blade where the ball of the humerus

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Long Head of Biceps Inflammation

Symptoms of biceps tendon inflammation typically include pain at the front of the shoulder where the long head of the biceps muscle attaches.

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Long Head of Biceps Rupture

Symptoms include a sudden sharp pain at the front of the upper arm. There may be pain and swelling over the front of the shoulder joint.

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Pec Major Tendon Inflammation

Symptoms of pec major tendon inflammation include pain at the front of the upper arm towards the shoulder where the biceps tendon inserts into the bone.

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Pec Major Tendon Strain (Rupture)

The pectoralis major muscle is a large powerful muscle at the front of the chest and is used to rotate the arm inwards.

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Posterior Shoulder Dislocation

A posterior shoulder dislocation occurs when the head of the humerus moves backwards out of the socket. This is a rare shoulder injury as most shoulder dislocations are anterior.

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Proximal Humerus Growth Plate Fracture

A growth plate fracture or epiphysis plate fracture occurs at the end of a bone in children before the bone has fully turned

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Referred Shoulder Pain

Pain in the shoulder can be referred or caused by a problem in another area of the body such as the neck or spine.

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Rotator Cuff Tendonitis

Rotator cuff tendonitis is a degenerative condition of any one, or a combination of any of the four rotator cuff tendons.

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Scapula Fracture

A scapula fracture is a break in the shoulder blade bone at the back of the shoulder. This is a relatively uncommon injury, making up only 1% of all fractures.

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Shoulder Assessment

In order to thoroughly assess any injury, a sound knowledge of the anatomy of the area is required. This enables localised pain to be related to the surrounding structures

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Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Impingement syndrome is sometimes called swimmer’s shoulder or thrower’s shoulder. It is caused by the tendons of the rotator cuff becoming impinged

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Shoulder Instability / Subluxation

Shoulder instability is often associated with subluxation or partial dislocation of the shoulder joint causing pain or dead arm sensation.

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Shoulder Sprain

A shoulder sprain is damage to the shoulder ligaments or capsule which support the glenohumeral or shoulder joint. This may be stretching of the fibers or partial

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Shoulder Subluxation

Shoulder subluxation or shoulder instability occurs when the shoulder partially dislocates. The shoulder joint by its nature allows a large range of movement

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Shoulder Tendonitis

Shoulder Tendonitis or Tenosynovitis is a degenerative condition of any of the tendons surrounding the shoulder joint usually the rotator cuff tendons

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Sternoclavicular Sprain

The collar bone connects to the sternum or breast bone in the middle of the chest at the top. If the shoulder is subjected to a hard impact

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Subacromial Bursitis

Subacromial bursitis has similar symptoms to Supraspinatus tendinitis with shoulder pain over a 60 degree arc when the arm is lifted sideways.

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Subscapularis Inflammation

The subscapularis is a very powerful muscle that rotates the arm inwards and is part of the rotator cuff group of muscles. It is often injured by throwers and can be stubborn to treat.

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Suprascapular Neuropathy

Suprascapular neuropathy usually occurs as a result of traction damage to the suprascapular nerve causing an aching or burning pain at the back

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Supraspinatus Inflammation

Symptoms of an inflamed supraspinatus tendon include pain and weakness when the arm is lifted up sideways which is worse through a 60 degree arc during the midsection

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Supraspinatus Rupture

The supraspinatus muscle runs along the top of the shoulder blade and inserts at the top of the arm or humerus bone and is one of the four rotator cuff muscles.

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Winged Scapula

A winged scapula is a symptom of another condition, rather than an injury itself. It is where the shoulder blade protrudes out on the back

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Gradual onset
Sudden onset
Fractures
Sprains