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Knee Injuries

Below we have over 50 knee injuries. Use the tick boxes below to filter symptoms and location of knee pain that applies to you. Click on the specific knee injury for more detailed information including treatment, rehabilitation strapping and taping, exercises and more.

Back of the knee
Front of the knee
Inside of the knee
Knee joint pain
Outside of the knee
Affects children
Gradual onset
Numbness / tingling
Sudden onset
Swelling
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ACL Injury

An ACL sprain or anterior cruciate ligament injury is a tear to the anterior curicate ligament, usually from a sudden twisting of the knee. Symptoms include sudden onset knee pain with swelling.

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Acute Patellar Injury

An acute patella injury is caused by a direct blow to the kneecap or from a fall onto the knee. One of the more painful knee injuries a fracture of the patella or kneecap is also possible.

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Articular Cartilage Injury

Damage to the tough hyaline or articular cartilage which lines the knee joint. Symptoms of this knee injury consist of recurrent pain and swelling in the knee joint as well as possible locking of the knee.

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Bakers Cyst

A Bakers Cyst or Popliteal cyst is a prominent swelling at the back of the knee. It is usually caused by an underlying injury or condition in the knee joint. A sensation of pressure or pain at the back of the knee may be felt.

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Biceps Femoris Tendinopathy

The biceps femoris is one of the hamstring muscles which insert at the back of the knee. Overuse can cause pain at the back of the knee and towards the outside to come on gradually. It will often be stiff after exercise or in the mornings.

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Biceps Femoris Tendon Avulsion

A tendon avulsion occurs when the biceps femoris muscle pulls a small piece of the bone away. Sudden onset pain at the back of the knee will be felt, often with selling at the back of the knee.

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Chondromalacia Patella

Chondromalacia patella (CMP) involves damage to the articular cartilage which is the smooth hard cartilage under the kneecap with symptoms similar to patellofemoral pain.

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Coronary Ligament Sprain

A coronary ligament sprain has very similar symptoms to that of a torn meniscus and so is often incorrectly diagnosed. Symptoms include sharp pain on twisting movements,

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Dislocated Knee

A dislocated knee occurs when the femur or thigh bone and the tibia or shin bone are moved apart. One or the more traumatic knee injuries severe damage to the knee joint is likely.

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Distal Femoral Growth Plate Injury

A fracture to the growth plate of the femur or thigh bone at the knee joint end of the bone. Symptoms include knee pain in and above the knee after a direct impact to the knee or force on the thigh.

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Fat Pad Impingement

The infrapatella fat pad also known as Hoffa's pad is a soft tissue that lies beneath the kneecap which can get impinged causing tenderness around the bottom of the kneecap.

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Hamstring Tendon Rupture

A full or partial rupture can occur in the hamstring tendons as they insert into the back of the knee causing a sudden sharp pain at the back of the knee with swelling,

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Housemaid's Knee

Housemaids Knee also known as prepatellar bursitis or knee bursitis is a swelling of the bursa or small sack of fluid at the front of the knee. Symptoms include pain at the front of the knee cap with swelling.

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Iliotibial Band Syndrome

This is common cause of pain on the outside of the knee resulting from friction of the Iliotibial band on the side of the knee. Pain goes after a period of rest only to return again at some point during a run.

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Infrapatellar Bursitis

Infrapatellar bursitis symptoms consist of pain at the front of the knee with swelling over the area of the infrapatella bursa.

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Jumpers Knee

Jumpers knee or patellar tendonitis causes knee pain just below the patella or kneecap. It is usually a gradual onset knee injury with tenderness and swelling over a specific point.

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Knee Contusion

A knee contusion or bruised knee occurs due to an impact on the knee. This can be due to a fall directly onto the knee or something hitting the knee, such as a ball or club. Rapid swelling is possible with bruising of the knee appearing over time.

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Knee Sprain

A knee sprain is an acute knee injury referring to a tear to any of the four ligaments supporting the knee (medial ligament, lateral ligament or cruciate ligaments). Pain, swelling and loss of function are common symptoms.

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Knee Supports & Braces

With so many knee supports and knee braces on the market these days it is very easy to become confused as to which is the best one for you.

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Knee Synovitis

Knee synovitis occurs when the synovial membrane, which lines and lubricates the knee joint, becomes inflamed. Symptoms include pain, swelling and stiffness of the knee joint. The knee may feel hot with redness over the skin.

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Lateral Knee Ligament Sprain

A lateral ligament sprain is a knee ligament injury involving a tear to the ligament on the outside of the knee and is most likely following a direct blow to the inside of the knee.

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Lateral Meniscus Tear

Lateral meniscus tear or lateral cartilage injury has symptoms of tenderness and pain around the outside surface of the knee along the joint line. There is usually swelling which appears within 24 to 48 hours of the injury occurring. Pain will also be fel

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Medial Knee Ligament Injury

A medial ligament sprain or MCL injury causes pain on the inside of the knee and is often caused by an impact or collision. Symptoms can vary from mild knee pain to severe pain and swelling in the knee joint and knee instability.

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Medial Meniscus Tear

A tear to the cartilage meniscus causing pain on the inside of the knee along the joint line caused by direct impact or twisting. Swelling of the knee may occur within 48 hours of injury with the athlete being unable to fully bend knee. This knee injury c

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Osgood Schlatters Disease

Osgood Schlatters disease is a common cause of knee pain in children between the ages of 10 and 15 years old. Pain and swelling occurs just below the knee at the top of the tibia or shin bone. Symptoms may ease with rest but return with further activity.

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Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Gradual onset knee pain with a deep aching pain in the inner knee that is worse after exercise. Stiffness in the joint is common, particularly in the morning. There may be swelling in the knee and sometimes clicking or cracking noises when moving the knee

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Osteochondral Knee Fracture

An Osteochondral fracture is a tear of the cartilage which covers the end of a bone, within a joint. The athlete will feel immediate pain at the time of injury with rapid swelling. The pain will get worse on weight bearing and the knee joint may lock or f

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Osteochondritis Dissecans

Osteochondritis Dissecans is a knee injury more common in adolescents. It is caused by the separation of a fragment of cartilage (usually some attached bone as well) from the joint surface. Symptoms can vary greatly and include swelling, knee joint pain a

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Patella Dislocation

The patella or kneecap dislocates outside of its normal position, usually round the outside of the knee. There is likely to be knee swelling and severe pain with an obvious displacement of the kneecap which may or may not quickly return to its normal posi

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Patellar Tendon Rupture

Patella tendon rupture is an acute knee injury often caused by jumping. Severe pain at the front of the knee, just below the kneecap is the main symptom. Swelling is likely along with significant loss of mobility and difficulty weight bearing.

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Patellofemoral instability

Patellofemoral instability usually involves the patient having a sensation of their kneecap slipping away or feeling loose on movement of the knee.

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Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) also known as runners knee, chondromalacia patellae, anterior knee pain and patellofemoral joint syndrome is a generic term referring to kneecap pain. It usually comes on gradually with swelling and pain under the kneec

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Peroneal Nerve Injury

Peroneal nerve injury, also known as peroneal neuropathy is caused by a blow to the outside of the knee, although symptoms or numbness and tingling are more likely to be felt in outside of the lower leg.

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Pes Anserine Tendinopathy - Bursitis

Pain on the inside of the knee caused by inflammation of the Pes Anserine tendon. A gradual onset injury although symptoms are similar to that of medial ligament sprain.

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Popliteus Injury

The Popliteus is a small muscle located at the back of the knee joint. An injury or strain to the muscle or tendon can cause pain at the back of the knee or posterior knee pain.

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Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

A PCL injury is usually caused by twisting the knee or an impact or trauma., particularly from bending backwards of the knee. There may be swelling although not always with instability and a feeling of the joint giving way in more severe cases.

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Posterolateral Corner Injury

Posterolateral corner injuries cause pain at the back and outside of the knee. They are not particularly common injuries,

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Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Dislocation

Dislocation of the proximal tibiofibular joint occurs most commonly when the athlete sustains an impact or falls

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Q Angle of the Knee

The Q angle of the knee is a measurement of the angle between the quadriceps muscles and the patella tendon and provides useful information about the alignment

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Quadriceps Tendinopathy

Overuse can cause pain and inflammation of the quadriceps tendon as it inserts into the top of the kneecap. Over time this can lead to degeneration of the tendon.

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Quadriceps Tendon Rupture

Ruptures of the quadriceps tendon mainly occur in middle aged individuals during sporting activities. The most common mode of injury is landing from a jump.

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Sinding-Larsen-Johansson Lesion

Symptoms of Sinding-Larseon-Johansson syndrome will usually effect adolescents and include pain at the front of the knee which gets worse during and after exercise.

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Synovial Plica Irritation

The synovial plica is a synovial fold found along the inside of the knee cap causing pain and discomfort. It may sometimes be confused with patellofemoral pain syndrome.

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Tibial Plateau Fracture

The tibial plateau is the upper surface of the tibia or shin bone. It is prone to becoming fractured in high speed accidents such as those associated with skiing,

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Unhappy Triad of the Knee

The unhappy triad, also known as the terrible triad, or o'donoghues triad is a severe knee injury involving tears to the acl, medial ligament and medial cartilage meniscus in the knee joint. It is caused by a bad tackle or impact in contact sports.

Back of the knee
Front of the knee
Inside of the knee
Knee joint pain
Outside of the knee
Affects children
Gradual onset
Numbness / tingling
Sudden onset
Swelling