Front Knee Pain (Anterior)
Anterior knee pain is pain at the front of the knee which is usually of gradual onset. The two most common causes of pain at the front of the knee are patellofemoral pain and patella tendinitis (Jumpers knee). Osgood schlatters disease affects children between the ages of 8 and 15 years and causes pain just below the knee at the top of the shin bone. Here we outline the causes of pain at the front of the knee as well as important conditions which can sometimes be missed.
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) also known as runners knee, chondromalacia patellae, anterior knee pain and patellofemoral joint syndrome is a generic term used to describe patella pain at the front of the knee. Here we explain the symptoms, causes, and treatment including patella taping and exercises.
Jumper's knee or patellar tendonitis is an overuse injury that results in pain at the front of the knee, localised at a point at the bottom of the kneecap. Repetitive strain from running or jumping causes inflammation or more likely degeneration of the patella tendon. Here we explain the treatment and important rehabilitation exercises required to return you back to full fitness.
Osgood Schlatter disease or Osgood Schlatter lesion is a very common cause of knee pain in children between the ages of 10 and 15 years old. It was named after two physicians in 1903, Dr. Robert Osgood and Dr. Carl Schlatter. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, especially rest, is essential as this injury can be stubborn to treat if left.
Sinding-Larsen-Johansson Lesion or syndrome affects young athletes and children causing pain at the front of the knee, at the lowest point of the patella or kneecap. Symptoms are very similar to Jumper's knee, but the injury is more like Osgood Schlatter disease. Early treatment and in particular rest is important.
Chondromalacia patella (CMP) involves damage to the articular cartilage which is the smooth hard cartilage under the kneecap. Symptoms are similar to patellofemoral pain as the kneecap rubs on the bone underneath causing swelling and pain. Here we explain the injury as well as treatment, strapping and exercises.
Housemaid's Knee also known as prepatellar bursitis or knee bursitis is a swelling of the bursa or small sack of fluid at the front of the knee. It can be acute or sudden onset or chronic where it occurs gradually over time. Here we explain injury in more detail the treatment options available.
Patellofemoral instability usually involves the patient having a sensation of their kneecap 'slipping away' or feeling loose on a movement of the knee. It can occur through a number of anatomical or genetic causes, or it can result from a previous patella dislocation injury. Here we explain both primary and secondary instability.
Overuse causes pain and inflammation of the quadriceps (thigh muscle) tendon to the point where it attaches to the top of the kneecap or patella. Over time this can lead to degeneration of the tendon. Here we explain the symptoms and causes as well as treatment and rehabilitation exercises.
A bursa is a small sac of fluid whose function is to lubricate the movement between tendons and bone. There are a number of them around the knee which can become painful and inflamed. This particular knee injury occurs when the infrapatellar bursa below the kneecap becomes inflamed.
The infrapatellar fat pad is also sometimes known as Hoffa's pad. It is a soft tissue that lies beneath the kneecap which can get impinged, causing knee pain. This knee injury can be caused by a severe impact which traps the pad between the patella and femoral condyle.