Back Thigh Pain
Pain at the back of the thigh is known as posterior thigh pain and can be acute or sudden onset, or they may be chronic and develop gradually over time. It may also develop following an acute injury which fails to heal properly. The most common is a hamstring strain.
A hamstring strain or pulled hamstring is felt as a sudden sharp pain at the back of the thigh. Treatment involves immediate first aid of rest, ice and compression followed by a full rehabilitation and exercise program.
Cramp is a painful contraction of the muscle that happens involuntarily or without the athlete intending it to happen. Leg cramps affect most people training hard at some point in time with the hamstring muscles commonly affected.
A hamstring muscle contusion involves a direct blow to the back of the thigh causing the muscle to be crushed against the bone.
Hamstring tendinitis is inflammation of the hamstring tendon as it attaches to the ischial tuberosity at the top of the back of the thigh.
Pain in the hamstring region can originate from the lower back, sacroiliac joints or muscles of the buttocks such as the gluteus maximus and piriformis muscle.
Tight hamstring muscles are common and most of the time will not cause a problem. However they may be more prone to severe strains or contribute to other problems such as back pain.
Hamstring pain is usually either an injury to the hamstring muscles, or is being referred from somewhere else. Here are some less common causes of pain in the back of the thigh.