Heel Pain

Heel injuries can be acute, meaning they have happened suddenly or are acutely painful. Or they can chronic, occurring gradually over time or result from an initial acute injury which has not healed properly. The most common causes of pain under the heel are Plantar Fasciitis and Bruised Heel whilst pain at the back of the heel in children is more likely to be Sever's disease. Select from the injuries below or if you do not know what your injury is then visited our symptom checker, or click on any of the symptoms below to view injuries with that particular symptom.

The heel is an area that is often injured by athletes and people who do a lot of running. Overuse, repetitive impacts and biomechanical issues such as overpronation and supination are at the root of many heel injuries. Most cases of heel pain come on gradually with symptoms appearing over a period of time, but there are some injuries that are acute and appear suddenly.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is probably the most common cause of pain under the heel. Symptoms come on gradually and are often worse first thing in the morning, but ease a little when the foot is warmed up. Here we explain everything you need to know about curing Plantar Fasciitis including treatment, taping, exercises, sports massage and more.

Bruised Heel

A bruised heel, also known and Policeman's Heel is a common cause of heel pain. It is usually caused by overuse, resulting in damage to the soft tissues or bone, but can occur suddenly from a heavy landing or impact. We explain the causes and treatment including taping to help you recover in the shortest possible time.

Sever's Disease

Sever's disease is mainly a cause of heel pain in kids affecting active children aged 8 to 15 years old. Pain at the back of the heel from overuse that if managed correctly, is something the young athlete should grow out of. Rest is an essential part of treatment along with ice or cold therapy and managing training loads.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a painful condition of the foot caused by pressure on the posterior tibial nerve as it passes along a passage called the tarsal tunnel just below the bony bit on the inside of the ankle causing a burning pain in the foot along with pins and needles and pain radiating in the arch of the foot.

Calcaneal Stress Fracture

A stress fracture of the calcaneus is a hairline fracture of the big heel bone and is usually caused by overuse. It is common in soldiers who march long distances and road runners. Treatment involves resting for 6 to 8 weeks followed by a gradual return to full training and fitness.

Heel Spur

A heel spur is a hooked bony growth protruding from the calcaneus or heel bone. It often occurs alongside plantar fasciitis, and as such the two conditions are often confused, however, they are not the same. Treatment involves rest, reducing symptoms with ice or cold therapy, stretching and correcting and biomechanical problems.

Calcaneal Fracture

A broken heel or fractured calcaneus bone is usually caused by falling or jumping from a height resulting in severe heel pain. It can also occur from road accidents or bike accidents. It is also possible for the calcaneus or heel bone to suffer a stress fracture in athletes such as long-distance runners which may come on more gradually.

Lateral Plantar Nerve Entrapment

Lateral plantar nerve entrapment causes pain radiating to the inner, lower heel and inner ankle area. The injury involves the nerves in the inner heel and ankle area, which is where the pain is normally located. Read more on the symptoms and how you can treat this specific case of heel pain.

Related categories