What causes calf pain? Calf pain or calf muscle pain can occur from a number of causes. Calf strain is probably the most common cause of calf pain or pain at the back of the lower leg. However there are a number of other potential causes of calf pain which we outline below. We outline the most common causes of calf pain as well as some of the less common calf injuries. We also explain some important more serious conditions resulting in calf pain not to be missed such as deep vein thrombosis.
A calf strain is a tear of the muscle fibres of the muscles at the back of the lower leg and can range from mild to very severe.
A compartment syndrome occurs when the muscles swell too big for the surrounding sheath and can be acute or chronic.
Cramp is an involuntary contraction of the muscle which can not only be very painful but may also cause muscle damage in severe cases. We look at the possible causes and treatment options available.
A contusion is a bruise resulting from a direct blow or impact. Often the muscle is crushed against the bone.
A stress fracture of the fibula is a small fracture or hairline crack in the bone. It is not as common as a stress fracture of the tibia because the fibula is not used in load bearing in the same way.
Deep Vein Thrombosis or DVT is a blood clot in a vein. It is most common in the calf muscle area, particularly following surgery and long-haul flights. It is very important this is not misdiagnosed as a calf strain.
A common problem in athletes is tight calf muscles, especially in runners. We look at symptoms, causes and treatment options to release muscle tightness.
The deep posterior compartment is a surrounded by a sheath which contains the muscles of the lower leg. Compartment syndromes arise when a muscle becomes too big for the sheath that surrounds it.