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Extensor Hallucis Longus

The extensor hallucis longus is the only muscle responaible for extending (pulling back) the big toe.


  • Middle 2/3 of the inner surface of the front of the fibula


  • Distal phalanx of the big toe


  • Extension of the big toe
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Inversion


  • Peroneal (fibular) nerve

Daily uses

  • Walking up the stairs it pulls the big toe up to clear the step

Example strengthening exercises

Related injuries

Related muscles