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Brachial plexopathy occurs when there is damage to the brachial plexus - the bundle of nerve which exit your spinal cord at the base of the neck, between the C5 and T1 vertebrae.
A broken neck is a fracture (break) of one of the 7 cervical vertebrae between the skull and the upper back and shoulders.
The Costovertebral joints are formed between the Ribs and the Thoracic Vertebrae of the Spine. Damage can occur to either the cartilage of the joints or the ligaments supporting them.
A dislocated vertebrae is a displacement of one of the small bones in the neck (which form the spine) in relation to the others. This occurs following a traumatic injury of the head or neck.
A fractured larynx occurs when a direct impact causes a break in the voice box. This is a rare but potentially life-threatening injury.
Muscles attach to the spine via tendons. These tendons can become inflamed, often through over use.
Intervertebral sprains are ligament injuries to any of the ligaments of the spine. This can happen in any part of the spine, although the neck and upper back are more common.
Kyphosis is a postural syndrome of the upper back and neck where the shoulders appear rounded and the upper back hunched. We examine the causes and treatment options.
A neck strain is a muscle injury of the neck. A neck strain is quite a common injury and generally is a mild to moderate injury which clears by itself within a few days to a week.
Cervical nerve root compression is usually the result of a herniated (or prolapsed) disc in the neck applying pressure on the nerve as it exits the spine. This can cause pain in the neck and down the arms.
Cervicalgia is a pain in the neck which does not radiate outwards (or down the arms). Cervicalgia is slightly different to a neck strain, which is usually more short-lived.
Pain in the neck which radiates to other areas is usually a result of nerves being trapped. The cause of the trapped nerve can be tight muscles, disc damage, or formation of bony deposits.
Scheuermann's Disease is a hereditary disease that mainly affects growing boys. It is the most common postural abnormality of the spine in the younger athlete.
Spinal cord injuries occur most frequently during road traffic accidents. Contact sports such as Rugby and American Football occasionally see such injuries. Another common cause is diving into shallow water.
A stiff neck is a common complaint which will probably affect everyone at some point in their life. It is however, usually short-lived, lasting for just a few days at a time.
This is a common condition in American Football and other contact sports, caused by nerve compression from impact to the neck and shoulder area.
Thoracic outlet syndrome is a term used to describe the compression of nerves and / or blood vessels which travel from the neck to the armpit (axilla).
A lot of pain that occurs in the upper back and neck is due to tight muscles in the neck, shoulders and upper back..
Whiplash, or acceleration / deceleration injury as it is also known is injury to the neck, caused by a rapid forwards and backwards motion of the head.