Jones Fracture

Jones Fracture

Jones fracture is a fracture of the 5th metatarsal bone on the outside of the foot, at the end of the bone nearest the ankle. Overuse or turning the ankle can cause the fracture. The main symptom is pain on the outside of the foot and difficulty in putting weight on it. Medical help and x-rays will be needed to heal this foot injury.

Signs & symptoms

Breaking any bone is painful and with a Jones fracture sudden pain may be felt at the base of the 5th metatarsal or the long bone from your little toe to the middle area of your foot. There will be tenderness at the point of injury on the outside of the foot. The athlete will be unable to bear weight on the foot and a deformity is sometimes present.

Causes

Jones fractures are often caused by turning the ankle over so the foot faces inwards and the foot points downwards (inversion). It may also be the result of overuse - especially repetitive impact on the outer foot. This fracture is often mistaken as an ankle sprain because of its location.

Treatment

Jones fractures are identified with diagnostic X-rays.  Initial treatment usually means the patient will have to wear a cast for 6-8 weeks to immobilize the foot and prevent weight-bearing activity. If the fracture fails ot heal then surgery to place plates and screws in the foot can be undertaken.

Often Surgeons will prefer to place a screw in the bones to hold them in place immediately rather than wait. Return to sport is shown to be quicker with this method of surgery (around 2 to 4 weeks) following an immediate fixation by putting a screw. However this does make it more likely the individual to re-fracture the bone.

The time taken to return to full training after a surgical fixation operation is around 8 weeks, although it is recommended for full healing to be seen on a radiographic image before full training is resumed.

Related articles:

Turf Toe

Turf toe can occur after a very vigorous upward bending of the big toe causing a sprain to the ligaments under the base of the toe. Pain in the toe joint, swelling and tenderness are some of the...

Eversion Ankle Sprain

An eversion ankle sprain is rare and occurs when the ankle rolls too far inwards. This type of sprain happens when the ligaments on the inside of the ankle tear, which is often accompanied by a...

Metatarsal Stress Fracture

A metatarsal stress fracture is a fine fracture in one of the long metatarsal bones in the foot. A stress fracture can occur through overuse or poor foot biomechanics. The second metatarsal is the...

Metatarsalgia

Metatarsalgia can be a bit of an umbrella term used to cover any forefoot pain, particularly metatarsal pain. Usually the term refers to inflammation which occurs in the joints between the...