On this page:
The tibia is the larger of the two shin bones and as a weight bearing bone is more susceptible to stress fractures, particularly in the lower third. We explain the symptoms, causes and treatment of a stress fracture in the tibia.
Symptoms of a tibial stress fracture include pain (usually on the lower third of the tibia) that occurs after running long distances. There will be tenderness and possibly swelling over the site of the fracture as well as pain when you press into the shin. An X ray of the injured leg will often not show any sign of a fracture. Another X ray must be taken 4 weeks after the first and often the new bone can be seen where it has started to heal.
The two bones of the lower leg are called the tibia and fibula. The tibia is the larger of the two and its role is load bearing. The fibula is the smaller of the two and its role is mainly for muscle attachment. Either of these bones can have stress fractures. The most common site however is two to three inches above the bony bit on the inside of the ankle (medial malleolus) on the tibia bone.