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Gluteus Maximus

Gluteus Maximus is the largest and most superficial of the three gluteal muscles which forms the rounded shape of the buttocks.


  • Posterior crest of the ilium.  
  • Posterior surface of the sacrum.  


  • Gluteal tuberosity of the femur Iliotibial band (ITB).  


  • Hip extension.
  • External rotation of the hip.


  • Inferior gluteal nerve.  

Daily uses

  • Extension phase of walking upstairs.

Example strengthening exercises

Example stretches

Related injuries

Related muscles