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Deep Vein Thrombosis or DVT is a blood clot in a vein. It is most common in the calf muscle area, particularly following surgery and long-haul flights. It is very important this is not missed or confused with a calf strain as serious injury or death could result if wrongly treated.
Deep Vein Thrombosis symptoms include constant pain usually in the calf muscle at the back of the leg. Tenderness may be felt at a point deep in the muscle. There may be swelling at the back of the leg and the skin temperature may seem hot to touch and sometimes a red area is visible.
If the ankle is dorsi flexed i.e. toes pushed upwards to stretch the muscle by a therapist whilst the athlete remains relaxed then pain may be felt.
Deep Vein Thrombosis is a blood clot in a vein. It is most common in the calf muscle area, particularly following surgery and long-haul flights where the patient has been sitting still for long periods along with a change in air pressure.
DVT is relatively common, especially in overweight people, those over the age of 50 or those who have poor circulation. It is not something to be expected in a young fit athlete, however the condition is potentially fatal as if the clot comes loose it can work it's way up to the heart, lungs or brain, potentially causing a heart attack, pulmonary embolism or stroke.
If a massage therapist misses this or mis-diagnoses a DVT as a calf strain and applies deep tissue massage to the area then this could work the clot free and cause serious harm or worse.
Treatment of DVT usually involves: