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Shin, Calf and ankle

Use the filters to narrow down your injury by location and type of pain. Click on the links below to view more detailed information on the more common causes of shin, calf and ankle pain.

A sudden onset or acute injury happens as a result of trauma or direct impact. A gradual onset injury comes on over time possibly without any specific incident which caused it.

Achilles tendon
Ankle joint injury
Back of the ankle
Back of the heel
Calf
Fractures
Front of the ankle
Heel pain
Inside of the ankle
Inside of the foot
Midfoot pain
Outside of the ankle
Shin
Sole of the foot
Gradual onset
Numbness / tingling
Sudden onset
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Deep Vein Thrombosis

DVT is a blood clot in a vein. They commonly occur in the calf muscles, although can be found in other body parts and can move to the chest or brain which could be very serious.

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Sinus Tarsi Syndrome

Sinus tarsi syndrome usually develops following an injury such as an ankle sprain. Symptoms include poorly localised pain just in front of the bone on the outer ankle.

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Achilles Bursitis

Achilles bursitis causes a painful spongy swelling of the bursa at the back of the heel.

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Achilles Tendon Rupture

A total rupture of the achilles tendon is a complete tear of the tendon and typically affects men over the age of 40 involved in recreational sport.

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Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles Tendonitis or achilles tendinopathy which is probably a more accurate term is an overuse injury causing pain,

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Achilles Tenosynovitis

Achilles tenosynovitis is an inflammatory condition of the sheath or layer surrounding the achilles tendon. It is sometimes also known as paratenonitis.

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Ankle Avulsion Fracture

An ankle avulsion fracture occurs when a ligament in the ankle tears pulling a small piece of bone away with it.

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Ankle Impingement

An ankle impingement occurs because of a bony growth at the front of the ankle. They usually occur in people who have had repeated ankle injuries.

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Ankle Sprain

A sprained ankle is injury to the ankle ligaments, usually on the outsite of the ankle.

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Anterior Compartment Syndrome

Anterior compartment syndrome causes pain on the outside of the shin and occurs when pressure builds up within the muscle.

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Broken Ankle

A broken ankle can involve a fracture of any of the ankle bones.

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Broken Leg

A broken leg is a fracture of either the tibia or fibula bones occuring usually through traumatic impact.

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Calf Strain

Calf strain is a tear to one of the calf muscles causing a sudden pain at the back of the lower leg.

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Contusion of the Lower Leg

Calf contusion is caused by an impact to the lower leg causing bruising and sometimes swelling.

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Cramp in the Calf Muscles

Cramp is an involuntary muscle contraction or spasm. It can occur in any muscle group, although the calf is one of the most common.

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Dislocated Ankle

A dislocated ankle is a severe injury which happen from a forceful twisting of the ankle. The supporting ligaments are all ruptured and there are often associated fractures

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Eversion Ankle Sprain

An eversion ankle sprain is damage to the ligaments on the inside of the ankle. This is not as common as an inversion ankle sprain. It is caused by rolling the ankle inwards.

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Fibula Fracture

A acute fracture of the fibula bone in the lower leg occurs as a result of a direct trauma or impact to the leg or ankle.

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Fibula Stress Fracture

A stress fracture of the fibula is a small fracture or hairline crack in the bone. It is not as common as a stress fracture of the tibia because the fibula

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Footballers Ankle

Footballers' ankle occurs when you get a bony growth at the front of the ankle where the joint capsule attaches.

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Haglund's Syndrome

When retrocalcaneus bursitis exists at the same time as Achilles tendonitis in the same leg, this is known as Haglund's Syndrome.

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High Ankle Sprain

A high ankle sprain is an injury to the anterior tibiofibula ligament which joins the tibia and fibula together just above the ankle.

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Lateral Compartment Syndrome

The lateral compartment of the lower leg is made up of the peroneus brevis and peroneus longus muscles, either of which can be the cause of a compartment syndrome.

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Medial Malleolus Stress Fracture

The medial malleolus is the bony bit on the inside of the ankle. A stress fracture of the medial malleolus can occur but is very rare.

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Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus

Symptoms of an Osteochondral lesion of the talus or ankle bone include pain in the ankle with swelling. The ankle may catch or lock and is likely to be stiff.

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Partial Rupture of Achilles Tendon

Symptoms include a sudden sharp pain in the achilles tendon. Sometimes though, the athlete may not feel pain at the time of the tear but later on or the next day

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Peroneal Nerve Injury

Symptoms of a peroneal nerve injury, also known as peroneal neuropathy include numbness or tingling in the front and or side of the lower leg.

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Peroneal Tendon Dislocation

The peroneal tendon runs behind the lateral malleolus or the bony bit on the outer ankle. Repeated dislocation or slipping can mean the tendon rubs against the bone

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Peroneal Tendonitis

Symptoms of peroneal tendonitis include pain and swelling on the outside of the ankle just below the bony bit or lateral malleolus.

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Posterior Deep Compartment Syndrome

Posterior compartment syndrome can be acute or chronic. An acute injury will be from an impact

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Potts Fracture

A Potts fracture is a fracture to one of the bony parts of the ankle called the malleoli. Fractures can occur to the lateral malleoli on the outside or the medial malleoli on the inside.

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Restless Leg Syndrome

Symptoms of restless leg syndrome include an unpleasant sensation in the legs at rest which usually eases on movement.

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Shin Splints

Shin splints is the common name often given to any shin pain at the front of the lower leg. The most common shin splints symptoms occur at the front inside of the shin

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Stress Fracture of the Talus

Symptoms of a stress fracture of the talus include pain on the outside of the ankle which will have come on gradually.

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Tennis Leg

Typical symptoms of tennis leg are a sudden onset of pain in the back of the knee or calf muscle. The ability to move the ankle will be affected.

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Tibia Fracture

The tibia is the big bone in the lower leg. A tibial fracture is the most common injury of all long bone fractures and takes a variety of forms but usually involves

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Tibia Osteochondral Fracture

Tibial osteochondral fracture is an injury to the cartilage which lines the end of the tibia bone where it meets the talus to form the ankle joint.

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Tibia Stress Fracture

Symptoms of a tibial stress fracture include pain, usually on the lower third of the tibia that occurs after running long distances.

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Tibial Growth Plate Fracture

A distal tibial gowth plate fracture is a break of the larger of the two shin bones at the growth plate located at the ankle end of the bone.

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Tibialis Anterior Tendon Inflammation

Symptoms include pain when bending the foot and toes up. Swelling and redness over the front of the ankle

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Tibialis Posterior Syndrome (PTTD)

One of the main signs of PTTD is a fallen or flattened arch of the foot. The patient may also have a history of injury to the tibialis posterior muscle.

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Tibialis Posterior Tendonitis

The tibialis posterior tendon runs behind the inner ankle bone and then underneath the foot. Long-term injury to this muscle can cause Tibialis posterior syndrome.

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Tight Calf Muscles

The calf muscle group consists of the gastrocnemius muscle and the soleus muscle. The symptoms are a gradual tightening in the calf muscles which can get worse

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Achilles tendon
Ankle joint injury
Back of the ankle
Back of the heel
Calf
Fractures
Front of the ankle
Heel pain
Inside of the ankle
Inside of the foot
Midfoot pain
Outside of the ankle
Shin
Sole of the foot
Gradual onset
Numbness / tingling
Sudden onset