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Click here for buttock, hip & groin injuries. Or tick the boxes below to filter symptoms and location of thigh pain. The most common cause of pain at the back of the thigh is a pulled hamstring. A quadriceps strain is a common cause of pain at the front of the thigh.
One of the more common thigh injuries, cramp is a painful involuntary contraction of the muscle. Sudden hamstring pain is felt which may ease with stretching and immediate rest. Often occurs after hard exercise.
A thigh contusion is caused by a direct blow to the front of the leg resulting in thigh pain, swelling and usually bruising. Injuries can be mild to very severe with movement in the knee likely to be restricted.
A femur fracture is a broken thigh bone. It can be a gradual onset stress fracture or an acute fracture which will result in very severe leg pain requiring immediate medical attention.
A contusion is caused by a direct blow to the muscle resulting in hamstring pain, possibly swelling and bruising which may or may not develop later depending on the type of injury caused.
Symptoms include pain and tenderness at the ischial tuberosity just under the buttocks. Pain is likely to be worse when stretching or after a sprinting session when the muscle cools down and tightens.
Hamstring strain is the most common cause of hamstring pain at the back of the thigh. Symptoms include a sudden sharp pain whilst sprinting or over stretching such as in a high kick. Most injured athletes will be unable to continue.
Other causes of leg pain at the back of the thigh include a compartment syndrome, tendinopathy or a hamstring avulsion fracture where the muscle pulls a small piece of bone away.
Myositis Ossificans develops some time after a contusion or blow to a muscle causing pain at the front of the thigh. Pain will be worse during exercise and a hard lump may be felt with restricted range of motion.
Symptoms include a gradual onset of pain and tenderness at the front of the hip. There is unlikely to be a sudden sharp incident of pain although chronic tendonitis can develop following a rupture.
Symptoms include a sudden sharp pain at the front of the hip usually whilst doing some explosive activity. Swelling and bruising may occur. Pressing in at the muscle attachment at the front of the hip will be painful.
Hamstring pain may be caused by a problem in the lower back, sacroiliac joint or buttock muscles. Symptoms are usually not as severe as a hamstring strain although twinges may be felt with reduced range of motion.
Symptoms include a dull ache deep in the general area of the thigh. Thigh pain will come on gradually over time through overuse. Pain is recreated with the ‘hang test’ where a bending force is applied to the tibia bone.
A quadriceps strain or thigh strain is a tear in a muscle causing front thigh pain. It can range from mild discomfort to severe pain, rapid swelling and bruising involving a tear of most or all of the muscle fibers.
Tight hamstring muscles are common and most of the time will not cause a problem. However they may be more prone to severe strains or contribute to other injuries. We explain how to stretch tight hamstring muscles.