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Thigh Injuries

Click here for buttock, hip & groin injuries. Or tick the boxes below to filter symptoms and location of thigh pain. The most common cause of pain at the back of the thigh is a pulled hamstring. A quadriceps strain is a common cause of pain at the front of the thigh.

Back of the thigh
Fractures
Front of the thigh
Gradual onset
Sudden onset
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Cramp in the Hamstring Muscles

One of the more common thigh injuries, cramp is a painful involuntary contraction of the muscle. Sudden hamstring pain is felt which may ease with stretching and immediate rest. Often occurs after hard exercise.

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Dead Leg

A thigh contusion is caused by a direct blow to the front of the leg resulting in thigh pain, swelling and usually bruising. Injuries can be mild to very severe with movement in the knee likely to be restricted.

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Femur Fracture

A femur fracture is a broken thigh bone. It can be a gradual onset stress fracture or an acute fracture which will result in very severe leg pain requiring immediate medical attention.

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Hamstring Muscle Contusion

A contusion is caused by a direct blow to the muscle resulting in hamstring pain, possibly swelling and bruising which may or may not develop later depending on the type of injury caused.

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Hamstring Origin Tendonitis

Symptoms include pain and tenderness at the ischial tuberosity just under the buttocks. Pain is likely to be worse when stretching or after a sprinting session when the muscle cools down and tightens.

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Hamstring Strain

Hamstring strain is the most common cause of hamstring pain at the back of the thigh. Symptoms include a sudden sharp pain whilst sprinting or over stretching such as in a high kick. Most injured athletes will be unable to continue.

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Less Common Causes of Hamstring Pain

Other causes of leg pain at the back of the thigh include a compartment syndrome, tendinopathy or a hamstring avulsion fracture where the muscle pulls a small piece of bone away.

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Myositis Ossificans

Myositis Ossificans develops some time after a contusion or blow to a muscle causing pain at the front of the thigh. Pain will be worse during exercise and a hard lump may be felt with restricted range of motion.

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Quadriceps Strain

A quadriceps strain or thigh strain is a tear in a muscle causing front thigh pain. It can range from mild discomfort to severe pain, rapid swelling and bruising involving a tear of most or all of the muscle fibers.

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Rectus Femoris Tendon Inflammation

Symptoms include a gradual onset of pain and tenderness at the front of the hip. There is unlikely to be a sudden sharp incident of pain although chronic tendonitis can develop following a rupture.

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Rectus Femoris Tendon Rupture

Symptoms include a sudden sharp pain at the front of the hip usually whilst doing some explosive activity. Swelling and bruising may occur. Pressing in at the muscle attachment at the front of the hip will be painful.

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Referred Hamstring Pain

Hamstring pain may be caused by a problem in the lower back, sacroiliac joint or buttock muscles. Symptoms are usually not as severe as a hamstring strain although twinges may be felt with reduced range of motion.

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Stress Fracture Of The Femur

Symptoms include a dull ache deep in the general area of the thigh. Thigh pain will come on gradually over time through overuse. Pain is recreated with the ‘hang test’ where a bending force is applied to the tibia bone.

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Tight Hamstring Muscles

Tight hamstring muscles are common and most of the time will not cause a problem. However they may be more prone to severe strains or contribute to other injuries. We explain how to stretch tight hamstring muscles.

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Back of the thigh
Fractures
Front of the thigh
Gradual onset
Sudden onset