Foot and Heel Pain

Below we outline over 40 foot and heel injuries. Click on the links to view more detailed information including treatment and rehabilitation programs.

If you are not sure what is causing your pain try our symptom checker.

Heel pain

  • Plantar fasciitis is probably the most common cause of pain under the heel which can radiate into the foot.
  • Bruised heel also has symptoms of heel pain but doesn't usually radiate under the foot.
  • Severs disease occurs mainly in active children aged 8 to 15 years old and results in pain at the back of the heel.
  • Heel spur has similar symptoms to, and is often confused with plantar fasciitis although they are different conditions.
  • Calcaneal fracture or broken heel bone is a fracture of the calcaneus bone in the heel.
  • Calcaneal stress fracture is a hairline fracture of the big heel bone.
  • Medial calcaneal nerve entrapment has similar symptoms to tarsal tunnel syndrome with pain on the inside of the heel which may radiate towards the center of the heel.
  • Lateral plantar nerve entrapment causes pain radiating to the inner, lower heel and inner ankle area.
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome causes a burning type pain in the heel which radiates into the arch of the foot and sometimes the toes.
  • Talar stress fracture is a stress fracture of the talus bone which sits on top of the large calcaneus or heel bone.
  • Achilles bursitis or retrocalcaneal bursitis usually results in pain at the back of the heel


  • Navicular stress fracture is a stress fracture of on of the tarsal bones in the foot called the navicular.
  • Midtarsal joint sprain is an injury to the ligaments holding the mid tarsal joint together causing pain on the outside middle of the foot.
  • Extensor tendinitis is inflammation of the tendons which run along the top of the foot and straighten the toes.
  • Tibialis posterior tendinitis or tibialis posterior tendinopathy is inflammation or degeneration of the tibialis posterior tendon which passes down the back of the leg and underneath the foot.
  • Plantar fascia strain is a rupture of the band of tissue called the plantar fascia or arch ligament.
  • Stress fracture of the foot occurs as a result of repetitive strain on the foot and can occur in any bones.
  • Peroneal tendonitis is inflammation of the peroneal tendon which runs behind the bony bit on the outside of the ankle.
  • Peroneus brevis tendon rupture is a tear of the peroneus brevis tendon as it inserts onto the prominent bony part on the outside of the foot.
  • Abductor hallucis strain is a strain or tear of the abductor hallucis muscle along the inside of the foot.
  • Cuboid syndrome occurs when the peroneus longus muscle in the lower leg pulls on the cuboid bone in the foot partially dislocating it.
  • Tarsal coalition is an hereditary condition affecting children between the age of 10 and 16 years old.
  • Kohler's disease is a form of osteochondritis or flaking of the hard cartilage covering the ends of the navicular bone in children.
  • Lisfranc's joint injury is an injury to the ligament which connects the cuniform tarsal bone to the base of the 2nd metatarsal or long bone in the foot.

Toe pain

  • Broken toe is a fracture of any of the phalanges bones of the toes.
  • Ingrown toenails are common problems causing pain, redness and sometimes infection.
  • Black toenail or subungual Hematoma is a common problem resulting from direct trauma or impact to the toe.
  • Dislocated toe is a dislocation of any of the phalanges bones which make up the toe.


  • Corns and calluses occur with a thickening of the skin which is usually do to repeated pressure or friction.
  • Turf toe is a sprain of the joint at the base of the big or great toe.
  • Black toenail or subangual hematoma as it is known is blood under the toenail giving it the impression of being black.
  • Bunion or hallux valgus is a painful swelling and enlargement of the bone on the inside of the big toe.
  • Mortons Neuroma or Morton's syndrome is a compression of the nerve between the third and forth toes.
  • Metatarsal stress fracture of the foot is a hairline fracture in one of the long metatarsal bones.
  • Jones fracture is specifically a fracture of the 5th metatarsal on the outside of the foot at the very end of the foot nearest to the ankle.
  • Metatarsalgia is the common name given to synovitis of the MTP joint.
  • Hallux rigidus or hallux limitus is the latin name for a stiff big toe.
  • Sesamoiditis is inflammation affecting the sesamoid bones which are two tiny bones embedded within tendons under the base of the big toe.
  • Ingrown toenail or onychocryptis is where the sides of a toe nail grow downwards into the skin.

Skin conditions

  • Athletes foot is a common skin condition causing itchy, flaky skin and a burning sensation usually between the toes.
  • Blisters are fluid filled bubbles on the skin which result from friction burns.
  • Corns and calluses occur when there is an excess or thickening of hard skin.
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