Over pronation of the feet

Over Pronation Explained
Over pronation is where the foot rolls in too much causing injury.

Plantar fascia arch support taping

Foot arch taping
A simple taping technique can relieve pain and help healing.

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Foot and Heel Injuries

Use the tick boxes below to filter symptoms as well as location or your heel or foot pain. Click on the specific injury for more detail including treatment, rehabilitation, exercises, sports massage, taping and more.

The most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis. Sudden onset heel pain is caused by a traumatic event, impact or strain. Gradual onset pain will have come on gradually or without the athlete being aware of a specific incident.

Back of the heel
Forefoot pain
Heel pain
Inside of the foot
Midfoot pain
Outside of the foot
Skin conditions
Sole of the foot
Toe pain
Top of the foot
Affects children
Gradual onset
Sudden onset
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Abductor Hallucis Strain

Abductor hallucis is a muscle on the inside of the sole of the foot. It may be injured during a forceful push-off. Symptoms include pain on the inside of the foot arch. Pressing into the sole of the foot is also likely to be painful.

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Athletes Foot

Athletes foot, also known as Tinea Pedis is a skin infection which is commonly thought to occur amongst athletes and those who wear trainers and other non-breathable footwear. Symptoms include varying degrees of itching or burning on the skin of the foot,

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Black Toenail

A black toenail or Subungual Hematoma is a common problem resulting from direct trauma or impact to the toe. The toenail appears black due to blood between the nail and the nail bed. Symptoms include a throbbing toe pain.

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Blisters

A blister is caused by friction between the skin and the inside of a shoe or clothing. Heat builds up causing a swelling under the skin. The first sign will be redness over the skin. Blisters commonly occur at the back of the heel, toes and instep of the

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Broken Toe

A toe fracture usually occurs as a result of impact or trauma resulting in severe toe pain with rapid swelling and bruising. In severe fractures deformity may be seen but equally a mild fracture of a little toe can occur without the patient being aware.

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Bruised Foot

Direct impact or trauma is a likely cause of a swollen foot. Symptoms include foot pain at the time of injury. Swelling will occur rapidly but bruising will develop more slowly over time.

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Bruised Heel

A bruised heel is caused by repetitive impact to the heel bone. It may occur in those doing lots of walking in poorly cushioned shoes or through repetitive jumping, bounding or long distance walking. Probably the second most common cause of heel pain afte

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Bunion

Symptoms include pain in and around the ball of the big toe, usually from the bone rubbing too much against the shoe. The big toe appears to be bent inwards towards and in come cases over the inside toe.

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Calcaneal Fracture

A break or fracture to the calcaneus or heel bone following a fall, jump or direct impact. Symptoms will include severe, sudden onset heel pain. Swelling will develop rapidly with bruising appearing shortly after.

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Calcaneal Stress Fracture

A calcaneal stress fracture is a hairline fracture of the heel bone that develops gradually through repetitive impacts. Symptoms are very similar to those of a bruised heel with heel pain coming on gradually over time.

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Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses occur when there is excess or thickening of the skin, usually on the soles of the feet and are caused by repeated pressure or friction on the skin. Calluses usually develop on weight bearing parts and corns on non weight bearing.

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Cuboid Syndrome

Cuboid syndrome occurs when the peroneus longus tendon causes excess traction onto the cuboid bone causing it to partially dislocate. Symptoms are very similar to that of an ankle sprain with when weight bearing on the outside foot.

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Dislocated Toe

Dislocated toes are common among athletes, and they occur due to a direct trauma to the toe or because of an extreme sprain to the toe ligament. Symptoms are intense pain, swelling, bruising, tenderness, possible numbness and deformity.

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Extensor Tendonitis

The extensor tendons are found on the top of the foot, one leading to each toe. Tendonitis develops gradually due to overuse of the muscle or tendons. Symptoms include pain on the top of the foot which is made worse with running.

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Flat Feet

Pes Planus is the term used when an individual has flat feet, or fallen arches. This condition is such that the foot appears entirely flat on the floor on the inside.

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Flexor Tendonitis

The flexor tendons are found underneath the foot and leading into each toe. They connect the muscles that point the foot and toes down, to the bones. Symptoms include tenderness along the arch of the foot and possibly inside of the ankle.

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Foot Drop

Foot drop is a symptom rather than a condition. It describes the inability to raise the foot upwards (dorsiflex the ankle), as if pulling the toes up towards the shin. There are a number of causes but impact to the peroneal nerve at the knee is one.

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Gout

Gout is a form of arthritis caused by a build up of uric acid within the body, which is a waste product of metabolism. Symptoms include intense pain in the joint, usually affecting the big toe and foot. The skin may appear red and shiny.

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Hallux Rigidus

Hallux rigidus or hallux limitus as it is also known is a stiffening of the joint at the base of the big toe. Swelling and inflammation may also be present. Initial symptoms include toe pain with stiffness at the base of the big toe.

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Hammer Toe

A hammer toe is a condition which causes one or more of the smaller toes to become bent upwards. If ignored it will become a permanent deformity. Corns may often occur on the top of the foot. May be caused by poor fitting footwear.

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Heel Spur

A heel spur is a hooked bony growth protruding from the calcaneus or heel bone. It often occurs alongside plantar fasciitis, and as such the two conditions are often confused. The main symptom is pain under the heel.

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Ingrown Toenail

Ingrown toenail or onychocryptis is a common and frustrating cause of toe pain. It is often caused by improper footwear or cutting the nail wrongly, thus not allowing the nail to grow properly causing it to grow down into the skin.

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Jones Fracture

A Jones fracture is a break of the 5th metatarsal on the outer foot. It is often suffered in combination with an ankle sprain. Symptoms include sudden intense pain on the outside of the foot with swelling, tenderness and possible deformity.

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Lateral Plantar Nerve Entrapment

Lateral plantar nerve entrapment causes pain in the heel, which radiates into the inner ankle area. Although it is a nerve injury, numbness or tingling is not usually a symptom. Injections and nerve conduction tests can help with diagnosis.

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Lisfrancs Injury

Lisfranc's injury is a fracture dislocation of the medial cuneiform bone in the middle of the foot. It is a rare but serious injury with symptoms including pain on the top of the foot with swelling and possible deformity but not always.

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Medial Calcaneal Nerve Entrapment

Medial calcaneal nerve entrapment is a compression of a branch of the same nerve affected in tarsal tunnel syndrome and so the symptoms are very similar and include a burning pain below the medial malleolus or bony bit on the inside of the ankle.

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Metatarsal Fracture

The metatarsals are the 5 long bones in the foot. They are injured through a direct trauma such as the foot being stamped. Symptoms include acute and severe foot pain with rapid swelling and bruising developing over time.

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Metatarsal Stress Fracture

A metatarsal stress fracture is a hairline fracture in one of the long bones in the foot. Symptoms include gradual onset pain in the middle or front of the foot made worse by weight bearing activities. There may be a specific tender spot.

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Metatarsalgia

Metatarsalgia is a vague term describing pain in the forefoot. It is often an inflammatory condition in the joints between the foot bones and toes. Symptoms typically consist of pain in the forefoot, worse during weight bearing.

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Midtarsal Joint Sprain

A midtarsal joint sprain is an injury to one or more ligaments between the tarsal bones. Pain will be felt on the outside middle of the foot and there may be swelling on the outside top of the joint. Seen more in jumping sports.

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Mortons Neuroma

Morton's neuroma is a compression of a nerve between the heads of two metatarsals. This causes pain between the toes which is worse when squeezing the forefoot or pushing the end of a pen in between the bones at the base of toes.

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Navicular Stress Fracture

The navicular is one of the 8 small tarsal bones in the foot. A stress fracture develops gradually through repeated impacts with pain which is most pronounced on the inside of the mid-foot. It will be tender when pressing in.

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Overpronation

Overpronation is often recognised as a flattening or rolling in of the foot. It is not quite as simple as that as the timing of when the foot rolls in is also important. It can be an underlying cause or contributor to foot pain, leg pain or other injuries

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Peroneus Brevis Tendon Injury

A rupture of the peroneus brevis tendon is a tear of this tendon which is found on the outer ankle and foot. This may occur during a sudden twist at the ankle. Symptoms include pain over the prominent bony part on the outside of the foot.

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Pes Cavus (Claw foot)

A claw foot or Pes Cavus foot is a genetic defect in the foot with a high arch. Pes Cavus can cause pain in the feet during running. Claw feet are inflexible, the toes may be bent and cannot be straightened easily without causing pain.

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Plantar Fascia Strain

A plantar fascia strain is a tear of the band of fascia that runs the length of the sole. Pain under the foot is usually felt immediately from a sudden overstretching of the arch and a nodule or lump may be felt under the sole.

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Plantar Fasciitis

Probably the most common cause of heel pain plantar fasciitis is a condition causing pain under the heel and into the sole of the foot. It is characterised by heel pain, which is usually worst first thing in the morning but eases gradually.

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Sesamoiditis

Sesamoiditis affects the two small bones located underneath the joint at the base of the big toe. Symptoms include a gradual onset of pain in the forefoot, especially when weight bearing with tenderness over the under surface of the joint.

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Sever's Disease

Sever's disease occurs mainly in active children aged 8 to 15 years old and results in tenderness and pain at the back of the heel where the achilles tendon attaches to the heel bone. Children will complain of heel pain which gets worse with activity.

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Stress Fractures of the Foot

A stress fracture can occur as a result of prolonged repeated loads on the legs. Long distance runners are susceptible to this type of injury. Symptoms include pain or aching of the affecting bone which becomes worse with exercise.

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Supination

Oversupination also called hyper-supination is a rolling out of the foot and is less common than overpronation. It causes problems for runners and other athletes, as the position the foot is less able to provide shock absorption leading to injury.

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Swollen Toe

A swollen toe is a symptom rather than a specific injury an can be caused by a number of reasons. We outline and link to more detail of some of the more common ones including traumatic injuries as well as medical conditions.

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Tarsal Coalition

Tarsal coalition occurs when two or more tarsal bones are fused resulting in stiff, aching ankles. It is a genetic condition occurring from birth. Symptoms include pain in the midfoot area in adolescents which is usually felt after hard training.

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Tarsal Fractures

The term 'Tarsal fracture' is often taken to mean a broken foot in general. It does, however, specifically refer to the rare occurrence that one of the Tarsal bones in the rear

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Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is an entrapment of the posterior tibial nerve causing symptoms of pain, burning, tingling and numbness which radiates into the heel, arch of the foot and sometimes the toes. Heel pain is worse when standing for long periods or runn

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Turf Toe

Turf toe is a sprain of the ligament under the joint at the base of the big toe and occurs after a very vigorous upward bending of the big toe. Symptoms include swelling and toe pain. Tenderness will be felt on bending the toe or pulling it upwards.

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Verrucas

A verruca is also known as a plantar wart and appears on the sole of the foot. They are the same as warts on any other body part and are caused by a virus. It appears as a small flat wart on the sole of the foot and is usually not painful.

Back of the heel
Forefoot pain
Heel pain
Inside of the foot
Midfoot pain
Outside of the foot
Skin conditions
Sole of the foot
Toe pain
Top of the foot
Affects children
Gradual onset
Sudden onset