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Foot and Heel Injuries
Use the tick boxes below to filter symptoms as well as location or your heel or foot pain. Click on the specific injury for more detail including treatment, rehabilitation, exercises, sports massage, taping and more.
The most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis. Sudden onset heel pain is caused by a traumatic event, impact or strain. Gradual onset pain will have come on gradually or without the athlete being aware of a specific incident.
Abductor hallucis is a muscle on the inside of the sole of the foot. It may be injured during a forceful push-off. Symptoms include pain on the inside of the foot arch. Pressing into the sole of the foot is also likely to be painful.
Athletes foot, also known as Tinea Pedis is a skin infection which is commonly thought to occur amongst athletes and those who wear trainers and other non-breathable footwear. Symptoms include varying degrees of itching or burning on the skin of the foot,
A black toenail or Subungual Hematoma is a common problem resulting from direct trauma or impact to the toe. The toenail appears black due to blood between the nail and the nail bed. Symptoms include a throbbing toe pain.
A blister is caused by friction between the skin and the inside of a shoe or clothing. Heat builds up causing a swelling under the skin. The first sign will be redness over the skin. Blisters commonly occur at the back of the heel, toes and instep of the
A toe fracture usually occurs as a result of impact or trauma resulting in severe toe pain with rapid swelling and bruising. In severe fractures deformity may be seen but equally a mild fracture of a little toe can occur without the patient being aware.
Direct impact or trauma is a likely cause of a swollen foot. Symptoms include foot pain at the time of injury. Swelling will occur rapidly but bruising will develop more slowly over time.
A bruised heel is caused by repetitive impact to the heel bone. It may occur in those doing lots of walking in poorly cushioned shoes or through repetitive jumping, bounding or long distance walking. Probably the second most common cause of heel pain afte
Symptoms include pain in and around the ball of the big toe, usually from the bone rubbing too much against the shoe. The big toe appears to be bent inwards towards and in come cases over the inside toe.
A break or fracture to the calcaneus or heel bone following a fall, jump or direct impact. Symptoms will include severe, sudden onset heel pain. Swelling will develop rapidly with bruising appearing shortly after.
A calcaneal stress fracture is a hairline fracture of the heel bone that develops gradually through repetitive impacts. Symptoms are very similar to those of a bruised heel with heel pain coming on gradually over time.
Corns and calluses occur when there is excess or thickening of the skin, usually on the soles of the feet and are caused by repeated pressure or friction on the skin. Calluses usually develop on weight bearing parts and corns on non weight bearing.
Cuboid syndrome occurs when the peroneus longus applies excess traction onto the cuboid bone causing it to sublux (partially dislocate).
Dislocated toes are common among athletes, and they occur due to a direct trauma to the toe or because of an extreme sprain to the toe ligament.
The extensor tendons are found on the top of the foot, one leading to each toe. Tendonitis develops gradually due to overuse of the muscle or tendons.
Pes Planus is the term used when an individual has flat feet, or fallen arches. This condition is such that the foot appears entirely flat on the floor on the inside.
The flexor tendons are found underneath the foot and leading into each toe. They connect the muscles that point the foot and toes down, to the bones.
Foot drop is a symptom rather than a condition. It describes the inability to raise the foot upwards (dorsiflex the ankle), as if pulling the toes up towards the shin.
Gout is a form of arthritis caused by a build up of uric acid within the body which is a waste product of metabolism.
Hallux rigidus or hallux limitus as it is also known is a stiffening of the joint at the base of the big toe. Swelling and inflammation may also be present. Initial symptoms include toe pain with stiffness at the base of the big toe.
A hammer toe is a condition which causes one or more of the smaller toes to become bent upwards. If ignored it will become a permanent deformity. Corns may often occur on the top of the foot.
A heel spur is a hooked bony growth protruding from the calcaneus or heel bone. It often occurs alongside plantar fasciitis, and as such the two conditions are often confused. The main symptom is pain under the heel.
Ingrown toenail or onychocryptis is a common and frustrating cause pain, often caused by improper footwear not allowing the nail to grow properly,
A jones fracture is a break of the 5th metatarsal on the outer foot, close to the ankle bone. It is often suffered in combination with an ankle sprain.
Lateral plantar nerve entrapment causes pain in the heel, which radiates into the inner ankle area. Although a nerve injury, numbness or tingling is not usually a symptom.
Lisfranc's injury is a fracture dislocation of the medial cuneiform (one of the tarsals) and the 2nd metatarsal. It is a rare but serious injury, caused most often by car accidents.
Medial calcaneal nerve entrapment is a compression of a branch of the same nerve affected in tarsal tunnel syndrome and so the symptoms are very similar.
The metatarsals are the 5 long bones in the foot which connect the ankles to the toes. They can be injured through a direct trauma such as the foot being stamped
A metatarsal stress fracture is a fine fracture in one of the long metatarsal bones in the foot. A stress fracture can occur through overuse or poor foot biomechanics.
Metatarsalgia is a vague term describing pain in the forefoot. It is often an inflammatory condition in the joints between the metatarsals and phalanges (toes).
A midtarsal joint sprain is a ligament injury to one or more ligaments holding the tarsal bones together. It occurs through twisting or jarring the foot in sports which
Morton's neuroma is a compression of a nerve between the heads of two metatarsals. This causes pain between the toes wichi is worse when squeezing the forefoot.
The navicular is one of the 8 small tarsal bones in the foot. A stress fracture develops gradually through repeated impacts. The pain is most pronounced on the inside of the mid-foot.
Overpronation is often recognised as a flattening or rolling in of the foot. It is not quite as simple as that as the timing of when the foot rolls in is also important.
A rupture of the peroneus brevis tendon is a complete tear of this tendon which is found on the outer ankle/foot. This may occur during a sudden twist at the ankle.
A claw foot or Pes Cavus foot is a genetic defect in the foot with a high arch. Claw feet are relatively inflexible.
A plantar fascia strain is a tear of the band of fascia which runs the length of the sole. It is usually felt immediately from a sudden overstretching of the arch of the foot.
Probably the most common cause of heel pain plantar fasciitis is a condition causing pain under the heel and into the sole of the foot. It is characterised by pain which is at it's worst first thing in the morning.
Sesamoiditis affects the two small bones located underneath the joint at the base of the big toe. It is often caused by an increase in forefoot weight bearing activities.
Sever's disease occurs mainly in active children aged 8 to 15 years old and results in tenderness and pain at the back of the heel where the achilles tendon attaches to the heel bone. Children will complain of heel pain which gets worse with activity.
A stress fracture can occur as a result of prolonged repeated loads on the legs. Long distance runners are susceptible to this type of injury.
Supination is a movement at the foot which is a necessary movement for walking and running amongst other activities.
A swollen toe can be caused by a number of reasons. We outline and link to more detail of some of the more common ones.
A tarsal coalition is something which is present from birth where two or more tarsal bones are fused resulting in stiff, aching ankles.
The term 'Tarsal fracture' is often taken to mean a broken foot in general. It does, however, specifically refer to the rare occurrence that one of the Tarsal bones in the rear
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is an entrapment of the posterior tibial nerve causing symptoms of pain, burning, tingling and numbness which radiates into the heel, arch of the foot and sometimes the toes. Heel pain is worse when standing for long periods or runn
Turf toe is a sprain of the ligament under the joint at the base of the big toe and occurs after a very vigorous upward bending of the big toe. Symptoms include swelling and toe pain. Tenderness will be felt on bending the toe or pulling it upwards.
A verruca is also known as a plantar wart and appears on the sole of the foot. They are the same as warts on any other body part and are caused by a virus. It appears as a small flat wart on the sole of the foot and is usually not painful although may be