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Wrist Pain & Hand Injuries
Use the tick boxes below to filter hand and wrist pain symptoms. Gradual onset injuries occurs over a period of time with no apparent cause. Acute wrist or hand injuries result from a sudden trauma or injury.
Below we outline a number or wrist injuries, hand, finger and thumb injuries. Click on the links to view more detailed information including strapping & taping, treatment, rehabilitation and exercises.
Bartons Fracture is a fracture of the distal radius bone at the base of the thumb, sometimes also called a fracture dislocation. Sudden wrist pain at the time of the injury with rapid swelling, bruising and in severe cases deformity may be seen.
A Bennett fracture is a fracture and often dislocation of the joint at the base of the thumb where the metacarpal of the hand meet the carpal bones at the wrist. Acute pain in the wrist, rapid swelling and bruising may develop.
A black fingernail is known as a subungual hematoma and is caused by a build-up of blood under a fingernail usually resulting from an impact or trauma to the finger resulting in acute throbbing finger pain.
A boutonniere deformity or button hole deformity is an injury to a tendon in one of the fingers, resulting in a deformed shape. This usually occurs after an impact to a bent finger.
Bowler's Thumb is an overuse injury resulting from compression or repeated friction on the inside of the thumb causing pressure on the Ulnar nerve. Thumb pain with numbness and tingling in the end of the thumb are experienced.
Boxers fractures are usually caused by punching something hard such as a wall or falling onto a fist. Symptoms are instant severe pain in the hand with rapid swelling. The outside edge of the hand is particularly tender.
A broken finger is a break or fracture in any one of the 3 small phalange bones that make up each finger. A swollen finger with immediate acute finger pain will be felt. Deformity may also be seen in some of the worst cases.
A broken thumb is a fracture of either of the two small bones called phalanges which make up the thumb. A broken thumb is not as common as a broken finger.
Broken wrist refers to a fracture of any of the bones in the wrist or the ends of the two forearm bones. Sudden onset severe wrist pain with rapid swelling are common symptoms. In severe cases there may be deformity or bones puncturing skin.
A bruised hand, also known as a hand contusion occurs due to a direct trauma of the hand, resulting in bleeding and subsequent bruising. Impacts and crush injuries are the most common causes.
A bruised wrist, also known as a wrist contusion occurs after an impact to the wrist joint causing bleeding under the skin. The wrist will be tender to touch and a swollen wrist will develop with bruising appearing over time.
Symptoms of a fractured carpal bone in the wrist generally include sudden pain with rapid swelling and bruising which develops over a period of time.
One of the more common causes of wrist pain, symptoms include a dull ache in the wrist and forearm which may radiate into the hand and fingers over time. Pain is often worse at night and weakness in the fingers and hand may occur.
Symptoms of a Felon or finger tip infection include a throbbing pain at the end of the finger. Felon's most common occur in the thumb or index finger.
Often caused by a fall onto an outstretched hand, symptoms include severe wrist pain with rapid swelling. The joint may look deformed and with very severe wrist fractures bone may pierce the skin, known as an open fracture.
Symptoms include pain and tenderness on the thumb side of the wrist where the tendons pass through a narrow tunnel and attach to the base of the thumb. Crepitus or a creaking sensation may be felt when moving the wrist.
A dislocated finger occurs when two of the finger bones become displaced injuring the ligaments and other soft tissue in the process. Symptoms include immediate pain with swelling and an obvious deformity of the finger.
A dislocated wrist is a dislocation of any of the eight small bones called carpal bones which make up the wrist. A wrist dislocation will occur as a result of a traumatic event or fall onto the wrist.
A distal radial epiphysis injury is an injury to the growth plate at the wrist end of the radius bone in the forearm.
The distal radio-ulna joint is the joint at the wrist, between the two forearm bones the radius and the ulna.
The distal radio-ulna joint is the joint at the wrist, between the two forearm bones the radius and the ulna. This injury is usually a subluxation or partial dislocation although fractures of either bone can be involved.
Dupuytren's contracture is a condition which affects the hand and fingers, causing the fingers to bend in towards the palm of the hand.
The hamate bone is a small bone on the outside of the wrist. Symptoms of wrist pain located on the little finger side of the wrist occur suddenly following a fall or impact with pain and swelling developing quickly.
A ganglion cyst or wrist ganglion is a small lump which appears in the wrist, often attached to a ligament. Some are not painful but others may require treatment.
Handlebar palsy is a name given to a condition suffered by cyclists. Symptoms include numbness, tingling and weakness over the outside of the hand, little finger and outer half of the ring finger as well as on wrist movements.
As a result of overuse the muscles and tendons in the forearm can become inflamed. The injury is particularly common in rowers and canoeists but can also affect racket sport players.
Jersey finger is a tear of one of the flexor tendons in a finger. Symptoms include pain in the fingertip and inability to bend the finger. Tenderness on the pad of the finger will be present along with swelling and bruising developing later.
Mallet finger is a finger injury which results in inability straighten the end joint of a finger without pain or assistance. Pain in the end of the finger will be felt with particular tenderness when touching the back of the finger.
The metacarpal bones are the five long bones in the hand. Any of these bones can be broken or fractured but the 1st metacarpal under the base of the thumb is the most commonly injured.
A Rolando Fracture is a fracture to the base of the 1st metacarpal where it joins the carpal bones between the thumb and the wrist. This is similar to the Bennett fracture, although a little more complex to treat.
RSI or repetitive strain injury is a general term rather than a specific diagnosis used to describe gradual onset or chronic wrist pain , hand pain, finger pain or even shoulder pain. Sharp pain, dull ache, numbness may all be symptoms.
The scaphoid is one of the carpal bones in the wrist. Pain and rapid swelling will occur although wrist pain may reduce soon after. Patients will most likely have difficulty gripping with tenderness pressing in on the top of the wrist.
A Smiths fracture is a break in the end of the radius bone, at the wrist. The fragment of fractured bone is displaced forwards to the palm side of the wrist.
Finger sprain symptoms include pain in the finger at the time of injury. Swelling is likely to develop over the joint and there will be restricted movement in the finger.
A thumb sprain occurs when the thumb is bent out of it's normal range of movement, usually backwards. Damage occurs to the ligaments supporting the joint at the bottom of the thumb.
A wrist sprain is an injury to any of the ligaments which join bone to bone in the wrist. Sudden pain in the wrist with swelling will occur often after a traumatic impact or twisting of the wrist. Sprains can vary from very mild to very bad.
Symptoms of a TFCC tear include wrist pain on the little pinky finger side. There will be tenderness over the back of the wrist.
Trigger Finger is a form of tenosynovitis which results in the finger becoming bent in towards the palm of the hand. This can also occur in the thumb.
Trigger Thumb is a form of tenosynovitis which occurs in the flexor tendon of the thumb. The thickening of the tendon causes it to get stuck and hold the thumb in a flexed position.
A Triquetral Fracture is a break of the Triquetral bone or sometimes called triquetrum and is one of the eight small carpal bones in the wrist.
The volar plate is a very thick ligament which joins two bones in the finger. A volar plate injury occurs when the finger is bent back the wrong way too far spraining or tearing the ligament.
A bursa is a small sack of fluid that lubricates where tendons move in joints. If the bursa is subjected to repeated trauma or friction then it can become inflamed and swollen causing pain in the wrist.
A wrist strain is a general term used to describe pain in the wrist. This may be due to a sudden force causing an acute injury, or due to overuse, causing a repetitive strain injury.
Injuries to the wrist occur most frequently in overuse scenarios, where the wrist has been placed under continual, repeated strain.
Wrist tendonitis or tendinopathy is inflammation or degeneration of any of tendons in the wrist joint. Pain in the wrist develops gradually with joint stiffness in the morning, local swelling and tenderness over the tendon.