Swollen calves

Calf swelling can be due to a tear or bleed of the muscles. Calves can also become swollen from a clot or a circulation problem such as deep vein thrombosis and venous insufficiency and may require emergency help in some cases. Swollen calf muscle or swelling in calf in most cases occur due to a musculoskeletal injury but can also be from a popliteal cyst (bakers cyst). Other injuries with this symptom are listed below:

  • Calf Strain

    Calf Strain

    A calf strain is a tear of the muscle fibres of the muscles at the back of the lower leg and can range from mild to very severe.

  • Contusion of the Lower Leg

    Contusion - Lower Leg

    A contusion is a bruise resulting from a direct blow or impact. Often the muscle is crushed against the bone.

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

    Deep Vein Thrombosis

    Deep Vein Thrombosis or DVT is a blood clot in a vein. It is most common in the calf muscle area, particularly following surgery and long-haul flights. It is very important this is not misdiagnosed as a calf strain.

  • Fibula Fracture

    Fibula Fracture

    A acute fracture of the fibula bone in the lower leg occurs as a result of a direct trauma or impact to the leg or ankle. Stress fractures can also occur from overuse or repetitive impacts.

  • Lateral Compartment Syndrome

    Lateral Compartment Syndrome

    A compartment syndrome occurs when the muscles swell too big for the surrounding sheath and can be acute or chronic.